Article Objective: Many people with ocular rosacea experience chronic ocular inflammation, irritation, hyper-reactivity and severe dryness which makes it difficult to wear any form of contact lens to normalize visual acuity (20/20 vision is a term used to express normal visual acuity (the clarity or sharpness of vision) measured at a distance of 20 feet). This article will discuss ocular rosacea symptoms, followed by information about laser procedures and their safety for people with ocular rosacea. The laser procedures include, LASIK Eye Surgery, epiLasik surgery and Lasek surgery are three exciting options for rosacea sufferers with moderate-to-severe ocular rosacea with vision disturbances. We will review the pros and cons of this surgery and list the potential side effects. We will also discuss other treatment options for rosacea sufferers with cornea complications. Finally, we will discuss important pre-operative and post-operative treatments that ocular rosacea sufferers should follow to ensure the best surgical outcome.
According to a large National Rosacea Survey taken last year more than half of the rosacea sufferers polled had active ocular rosacea symptoms. The physicians who performed the survey emphasized that this number is probably much higher because many rosacea sufferers do not know the tell-tale signs of ocular rosacea or incorrectly assume they just suffer from allergies, dry-eye syndrome or blurred vision. Below is a list of the most common ocular rosacea symptoms.
Ocular Rosacea Symptoms:
- Red, blood shot, swollen eye lids
- Red, blood shot looking eyes
- Blood vessels coursing through the whites of the eyes
- Blurred vision
- Red bumps by the eye
- Crusty eye lids.
- Itching, burning,and/or stinging sensations.
- Dry eyes.
- Feeling as if you always have sand in your eye or a “grittiness”.
- Light sensitivity
- Inflammation of the cornea and ‘corneal melting’
- Corneal abrasions and microabrasions
- Retinopathy (inflamed, dilated blood vessels that burst)
Many rosacea sufferers are now looking into LASIK Eye Surgery because the chronic ocular inflammation, irritation, hyper-reactivity and severe dryness make it difficult to wear any form of contact lens. These rosacea sufferers want to know if LASIK Eye Surgery is safe. There are many inquiries regarding this surgery on rosacea forums but most of the information supplied is medically inaccurate or fails to warn certain rosacea sufferers, especially those with cornea complications, about possible side effects. Rosacea sufferers should also be educated on other forms of laser surgeries that may be better options.
What Is LASIK Eye Surgery
LASIK is a surgical procedure that uses a laser to correct nearsightedness, farsightedness, and/or astigmatism. In LASIK, a thin flap in the cornea is created using either a microkeratome blade or a femtosecond laser. The surgeon folds back the flap, then removes some corneal tissue underneath using an excimer laser. The flap is then laid back in place, covering the area where the corneal tissue was removed.
With nearsighted people, the goal of LASIK is to flatten the too-steep cornea; with farsighted people, a steeper cornea is desired. LASIK can also correct astigmatism by smoothing an irregular cornea into a more normal shape.
If you are considering LASIK eye surgery, your first step is to choose a good LASIK surgeon who can evaluate whether LASIK is right for you. Your LASIK surgeon will examine your eyes to determine their health, what kind of vision correction you need, and how much laser ablation (corneal tissue removal) is required. The doctor will also ask about any health conditions that may disqualify you altogether for LASIK surgery.
If you are not a candidate for LASIK, you may qualify for another laser eye surgery such as PRK (similar to LASIK but without the flap), LASEK, or epi-LASIK. There are also non-laser vision correction procedures. Your prescription and eye structure will be considered to help determine which procedure is best for you.
LASIK is an outpatient procedure, so you don’t have to stay at the surgery center overnight. The LASIK surgeon uses a computer to adjust the laser for your particular prescription. You will be asked to look at a target light for a short time while the laser sends pulses of light to painlessly reshape your cornea. The actual LASIK surgery usually takes less than five minutes
Benefits of LASIK Eye Surgery:
- It works in almost all cases. It corrects vision. Around 96% of patients will have their desired vision after LASIK. An enhancement can further increase this number.
- LASIK is associated with very little pain due to the numbing drops that are used.
- Vision is corrected nearly immediately or by the day after LASIK.
- No bandages or stitches are required after LASIK.
- Adjustments can be made years after LASIK to further correct vision if vision changes while you age.
- After having LASIK, most patients have a dramatic reduction in eyeglass or contact lens dependence and many patients no longer need them at all.
Potential Side Effects of LASIK Eye Surgery (please note that these are rare):
- Changes made to the cornea cannot be reversed after LASIK.
- LASIK is technically complex. Problems may occur when the doctor creates the flap, which can permanently affect vision.
- LASIK can rarely cause a loss of “best” vision. Your best vision is the highest degree of vision that you achieved while wearing your contacts or eyeglasses.
- Seeing halos around images
- Difficulty driving at night
- Fluctuating vision
- Dry eyes which can be treated with prescription eye drops
Is LASIK Eye Surgery Safe For Ocular Rosacea Sufferers?
LASIK Surgery is a safe option for most ocular rosacea sufferers and has a safety record of nearly 15 years with very few side effects reported by rosacea sufferers. The two primary side effects that might worsen after surgery include dryness of the eye and inflammation of the eye surface. These are usually low-grade and transient but can be treated successfully with prescription eye drops such as Restasis and oral doxycycline. LASIK eye surgery is an excellent option for rosacea sufferers looking to restore their vision and put away their contact lenses.
It should be emphasized that rosacea sufferers with thin corneas, corneal abrasions or corneal melting may not be candidates for LASIK surgery.
If this is the case they still may have other surgical options such as PRK (similar to LASIK but without the flap), LASEK, or epi-LASIK. If you fall into this category it would be wise to consult with a corneal specialist in addition to your ophthalmologist to gather as much information on the treatment options best suited for your case and a list of potential side effects for each surgical option.
Preparation for LASIK Surgery:
Before LASIK eye surgery, you will meet with a coordinator or eye surgeon who will discuss what to expect during and after the procedure. During this session, your medical history will be evaluated and your eyes will be fully examined. Likely initial tests include measuring corneal thickness, refraction, corneal mapping, air pressure, and pupil dilation. Once you have gone through the initial evaluation, you will meet the surgeon, who will answer any questions you may have. Afterwards, you can schedule an appointment for the procedure.
Ocular Rosacea Article Series
We have put together a series of ocular rosacea articles in order to help those suffering from this condition. To learn more about the causes and treatments of ocular rosacea please click here…
Do you have ocular rosacea with vision problems? If so, do you have difficulty wearing contact lenses due to irritation? Have you tried LASIK Eye Surgery, and if so, what were your results?
Thank you for your important feedback and wishing you a rosacea-free future!
Health Disclaimer: Informational article above not intended to be a substitute for conventional medical service. If you have or think that you have a medical problem, promptly contact your health care provider. Before adding in or considering alternative supplements and treatments please consult with your medical practitioner first. We do not claim to “cure” disease, illness or conditions, but to simply provide you with additional information and education nor is any product sold or discussed to be considered to replace your medical treatment, diagnosis, treatment or preventative recommendations.